Modern Teaching Methods – It's Time For The Change (2023)

Table of Contents

  • What is modern teaching?
  • Reasons to Introduce Modern Teaching Method
  • Why modern teaching is the need of the hour?
  • Characteristics of Modern Teaching Methods
  • Modern Teaching Methods
  • Advantages of Modern Teaching
  • Difference between Traditional and Modern Teaching Methods
  • Integration of Modern and Traditional Teaching Methods
  • Conclusion
  • FAQs

Difference between Traditional and Modern Methods of Teaching Techniques “Everyone is a genius. But if you judge a fish on its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing it is stupid.”~ Albert Einstein

What is modern teaching?

“The teaching method which focuses more on teaching the students for improving their intellect behavior by using various new and innovative ideas rather than making them recite the syllabus to clear the examination with the same old style is Modern Teaching Methodsin simple words.”

The new teaching method which we called the modern teaching method is more activity-basedand centres the learner’s mind which involves them entirely into the process of learning. In the modern teaching method, curriculum teaching and planning are done keeping the learner as the primary target.

Through this way, learners actively participate in the whole process to build their knowledge and sharpen their skills; this is also termed as a constructivist approach. On the other hand, the mentor or teacher only leads them and guides them to focus on the objectives of the subject. This is alldone by engaging in activities and by adopting innovative modern teaching techniques. New demand of the era or the need of the hour for students is to embrace the contemporary teaching methods which will also help in reducing the competition among the students, promote cooperation, and boost the healthstudy environment.

Brief Introduction

Over the years, there have been visible changes in teaching style. Opposite to the memorization and same old recitation practice to teach the students, now with modern teaching methods, interactive methods of teaching have been introduced, and its result can be seen. This is an education reform which provides an entirely different angle of teaching and learning because modern teaching methods do not treat all students at the same level of their understanding ability, unlike the conventional method of teaching. Rather than the only teacher based, modern teaching methods focus more on questioning, demonstration, explaining, practical, collaboration methods, and are more activity-based.

Reasons to Introduce Modern Teaching Method

In recent years, the scope of knowledge in the field of science and technology has dramatically increased, and human’s ability to adapt to new knowledge in science and technology has also increased. So, there is an immense need for innovative and creative minds to explore unknown and unrevealed areas of different fields. To cope up with the modern world and the knowledge-driven era of technology, adopting modern ways are the only means to survive.

So, the students should be taught in a manner to tackle the 21st century, which is technology-driven time and which requires creative and innovative minds for the progress of individuals, society, and nation. The students should be introduced with modern teaching techniques and are provided sufficient knowledge so that they can create opportunities for themselves and others.

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Reasons to Introduce Modern Teaching Method

Teachers still use a conventional chalk-talk method in the Classroom to teach students who can provide only basic knowledge of science and other subjects. Their approach can no longer be used as this is outdated, is with limited scope, and has been failed both at the nation and personal level.

If teachers teach with modern teaching methods instead of traditional impractical methodsand present science lessons in a more proper scientific way, then many problems, including unemployment, can be overcome. All this can be achieved by providing a strong pillar to the Basic Education system and senior secondary school system. It requires an instant review of the BSTcurriculum, and it is the reason why modern teaching methods areintroduced.

Why modern teaching is the need of the hour?

Education is the need of the hour as it creates a literate society and in the process of educating the society, motivation and instructions are very crucial and teachers, guides and administrators are responsible to motivate learners. The rate of literacy will be leveled up by providing education to the most parts of society.

However, with time being changed to an extent, learners demand new techniques and methods to gain knowledge which specializes them not only in theoretical study but ensures them to provide practical knowledge, sharpen their skills, and make them educated to face any kind of challenges.Modern teaching methods are the only way to meet the requirements of modern times.

Relevance of Modern Teaching

Moving from Reciting and Memorizing to
Experimenting and Experiencing

Concept of Innovation

Relevance of Modern Teaching

Modern teaching unquestionably is the need of the hour because of its relevance in the modern era. The revolution in the field of science and technology demands great ideas and extensive effort to deal with any kind of circumstances coming in the way of development. All the load is on the little shoulders of learners. So, it is vital to give students not only knowledge but to improve their skills from the very beginning.

Moving from Reciting and Memorizing to
Experimenting and Experiencing

We have been seeing the concept of teaching in schools where teachers explain the topic and ask students to recite and memorize the topic to the main motive of passing the examination and to acquire the certificate.

Memorizing and reciting was the way of teaching which definitely helps to clear the exam but it does not help further. Only experiencing and gaining practical knowledge will be helpful for further studies and life. In modern teaching, the focus is more on experimental study and it is the need of the hour as well.

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Concept of Innovation

Modern teaching encourages us to bring new ideas and introduce new concepts. Different methods of modern teaching aim towards creativity and innovative thoughts. It motivates learners to not follow conventional things but come up with innovations. That’s the reason why modern teaching is laced with technical gadgets which can help learners to share their innovation and creativity. To strengthen the concept of Innovation, modern teaching methods are best suited. Also, innovation in teaching methods plays an importantrole to improve the quality of education which is an endeavor this time.

Characteristics of Modern Teaching Methods

The modern teaching methods help to build or develop a productive understanding of basic science and technology (BST). Hence, the elements of contemporary teaching methods include:

1. Learner-centered

One of the essential characteristics of the modern teaching methods in basic science and technology (BST) is it is learner-centred. It focuses on learners whileusing or applying during classroom and laboratory lectures. The teacher acts only as a guide, and all the learning process involves learners. Learners significantly appear as a dominator in classroom interactions.

2. Task-Based or Activity-based

The teacher or guide of BST organizes activity or task and engages students to learn through this way. Hence it is an activity-based or commission-based. Students are offered or asked to take part in classroom interaction through these interactive activities.

3. Resource-Based

BST teachers should be resourceful. They should collect and distribute all the required study material to the learners for their learning or to understand the topic clearly. The resources can be collected from the school environment or any other place where it is available. Also, a learner can be the source to bring study material or resources from their end.

4. Interactive in Nature

One characteristic defines the modern teaching method as very interactive. The teacher asks the students to form small groups or work as individuals to perform the learning tasks and come up with the desired results. It helps them to gather knowledge from one another. Students learn to work together and a sense of cooperation. It also works in their favour when they step out in the outer world.

5. Integrative in Nature

One of the vital characteristics of modern teaching methods is it is integrative. Teachers link topics of one subject, e.g., social science topics like drug use, domestic violence, safety, pollution, food distribution, crime etc. to other issues and make it integrative. By this, a learner can gain knowledge of more topics studying one.

6. Peer Collaboration

Modern teaching methods not only encourage students by allowing them to present their ideas or initiative by noticing their responses, studying their research, and allowing them to answer during interaction in BST classes but also selects students based on interest, needs, and feelings. Through Instructional activities, students learn to work cooperatively, and they appreciate their competitors’ work as well. In the BST curriculum, learner’s interests are considered most important, and they are guided towards their goals and careers.

Modern Teaching Methods

Like other fields, the face of education has also evolved drastically over the period. Earlier, teachers were the only means to create a bridge between education and learners. They were using conventional pedagogical methods toexplainthetopic or to provide notes. However, modern education sees a vast scenario which encourages learners to study profoundly and study to satisfy their curiosity. In recent years, we are getting introduced with different modern teaching techniques, and the introduction of technology along with innovative ways to teach has brought a revolution in the education sector. So, let’s discuss which new teaching methods are.

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Following are the modern teaching methods:

Collaborative Learning

Earlier, when students were asked to revise the topic or syllabus during an examination or regular days, they used to revise the syllabus in isolation or at home. This practise was widespread in traditional teaching methods. To deal with this issue or provide a more useful platform for students, schools are coming up with collaborative learning. In this modern teaching method, teachers form a group of students where they can solve their problem, debates on topics, and clear their queries. This helps in developing social skills and allows students to understand the subject faster.

In this modern teaching method, every student is a part of the success of a group as they help each other to reach the desired result, and they also learn to communicate with each other. Learners learn to tolerate others, develop skills to listen to others and how to work in a team. They will be able to meet different personalities and can get a genuine review of their work.

Students present their ideas and expect a response when they are in group learning. It allows them to exchange their creativity and gain more knowledge. In return, it helps them to learn to face healthy criticism and cross-questions. So, school management should choose to take up a collaborative method of teaching to teach their students. They just need to make a few changes in the layout of the Classroom. Replace desks to whiteboard surfaces. So, the groups can work together with ease.

Spaced Learning

Spaced learning is one of the modern teaching methods, which is being followed by teachers. In this method, teachers repeat a lesson multiple times, basically until the students understand entirely. However, the teacher repeats the course with two 10-minute spaces (break) in-between the lessons.

The gap is meant to refresh the mind by playing physical activities or mindfulness techniques which prepares them for the next session of the same lesson. This method gives the students intervals to inherit the knowledge and create connections between learnings. Before moving forward to another chapter, this method prepares the students with basics.

It truly defines a proverb that a healthy mind is in a healthy body. So, the physical state of students should be sufficient to the growth of mental state which is crucial to gain knowledge. Spaced learning also has a scope to reduce obesity in school-going children which can be seen more nowadays. It improves both mental and physical health of a student.

Flipped Classroom

Flipped Classroom is a well-known term in the pedagogical method. You have known about this undoubtedly. Its name ‘Flipped Classroom’ makes it unique. It is one of the very vital modern teaching methods that has been in use these days. In this method of teaching, the teaching procedure takes place in a flipped manner.

As unlike traditional ways,students study new material or content at home by themselves and practice the same at school. The method is the reverse of providing content at school and asks students to rework on it or practice it at home. The students practice this method at home by watching a video tutorial, search online, or work on the content usually shared by the teacher. They do not need to complete the homework at home. Instead, they end it at school.

Through the practice of flipped Classroom modern teaching methods, students get enough time to grasp the topic, unlike school where they get only a few minutes to understand the content. If necessary, they can work more on one issue.

Students prepare themselves with the content before arriving in school, and if they face any doubt, they can discuss it in the Classroom or ask the concerned teacher. They can also suggest their ideas related to the content and share it with other classmates. Moreover, there is another advantage of this modern teaching method that students would not have to suffer due to their sickness. Sick days won’t interrupt their learning.


Curiosity pushes the learner to learn new and more always. It drives the learners to learn and memorize large spaces of the text that they will either miss gratefully or forget immediately. Through their curiosity, students get motivated to explore the subjects they are interested in. Teaching students to operate the internet and find results themselveshelps them to be self-dependent and gives them a deep understanding of the content.

A teacher should allow the students to bring new ideas and work on it for the development of their brain and ability to work alone. This modern teaching method plays a significant role in learners’ period of education.


It is a well-known fact that children love games either it is online games or playing games at the field. Teaching through games is one of the essential modern teaching methods that has been in use under modern teaching ways. The significance of Gamification in teaching has mostly been seen in the elementary and preschool system. Learning through playing games won’t beeven realized by students. It motivated students as well and proved effective not only to the students of preschool but of any age.

The responsibility of teaching through Gamification is of teachers as they should plan or design projects that will be suitable for the students of their respective age. They should incorporate attractive measures to connect the students for a longer time and keep their interest alive. Teachers can also take help of the online platform under Gamification. Teachers can organize online quiz, puzzles or brain games. This modern teaching method is a fun learning method to teach.

VAK teaching

VAK is a modern teaching method whoseeffects can be seen clearly. We divide leaner into three categories: Visual, Audio, and kinesthetic (movement). One needs to recognize towhich category they belong to or the teacher must know to which category her students relate to.

In VAK, V is visual meansseeingthe data, A is Audio means gathering information by hearing the data, and K is Kinesthetic meansfeelingthe data. A teacher should keep the category of students in kind while teaching because some students catch the information by seeing, by hearing or by feeling. So, they should present the same material in different ways.

The VAK teaching method was introduced in the 1920s to help children with dyslexia. However, its impact is more effective in the modern era. In the time of the internet, watching and learning through videos has become a popular new medium of teaching. Students grasp fast when they see, hear or feel instead of reading the material. And also, a learner is not limited to any one of the media as they can use even all three mediums of instruction.

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Crossover Learning

The not-so-common modern teaching method is Crossover learning which uses both formal and informal teaching and learning environments. It is one of the perfect ways to give the best education to learners. Crossover learning effectively engages learners and provides authentic yet innovative results.

A formal setting is a traditional setting, i.e., Classroom to provide education. While, the informal environment of teaching is museums, seminars, and after-school places. Schools and colleges teach with content, study material and use everyday experiences to add knowledge. On the other hand, informal learning generates curiosity and interest and increases understanding by asking questions to their teachers.

Teachers should introduce new queries or questions in the formal setting and answers for which students should try to find in informal settings such as by exploring that question on their museum visit. The learners can take notes or collect pictures as their data and produce them as the information once they backed in the Classroom. They can share collected information with other classmates and can discuss it for better results.

Advantages of Modern Teaching

Along with the upgrades made to the student educational system, the face of teaching too is witnessing a transformation in this 21st century. Before you implement the modern teaching techniques, it is essential to know more about the advantages and benefits they bring to your system. Therefore it makes the maximum utilization of the services possible at a minimal cost. We can take a look at some of these significant advantages of Modern Teaching.

Cognitive Thinking Skills

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Bringing Prefrontal Cortex into Life

Exploring Things

Developing Unique Patterns of Learning

Application-based Skills

Learning Relevantly to the Increasing needs

Cognitive Thinking Skills

The modern teaching system doesn’t entirely rely on spoon-feeding techniques, which used to be a part of the ordinary teaching system. The current methods are wired to develop the cognitive thinking skills of the children, which in terms of the standard teaching system, out of the question.

The cognitive skills can be explained as the primary skills associated with the functioning of the brain. From the ability to read, the ability to learn and memorize are a part of the cognitive skills which lay connected to the brain. Strong cognitive skills of the students reflect in their decision making and problem analytical skills, contribute to their IQ growth and also plays a useful role in improving memory power.

Bringing Prefrontal Cortex into Life

The prefrontal cortex of the brain is usually most affected by uncontrollable stress and depression. This part plays a significant role in the speech outcome, behavioural outcome, expressive outcome, etc. which are essential functions of the brain. It is also useful with the memory boost and thinking abilities of an individual.

The modern teaching techniques, like said, focuses more on the core thinking abilities and hence activates the perfect mechanism of the prefrontal cortex. The functions of the prefrontal cortex are considered superior, and triggering them would be the best-explored advantage of these modern teaching techniques. Therefore it is an obvious and one of the most significant merits that come along with the implementation of modern teaching methods.

Exploring Things

Exploration of things where the interest lies in is an essential part of personal development. The process also provokes self-learning and makes sure it is directed in the right amount. The practice of the modern teaching methods provokes this same set of interests which are to be explored by the students with proper and enough assistance from the teachers.

Exploring the things on one’s own is one of the most productive initiatives by an individual and the maximum possible support from an efficient teaching system makes sure that the process is fruitful and dynamic. The modern teaching methods believe in providing them with enough freedom, flexibility and facilities to explore their interests.

Developing Unique Patterns of Learning

Learning is the primary objective of teaching, and the methods used for education initiate its own purposes for making the learning process much more productive and beneficial. Therefore one of the primary objectives of the strategies implemented according to modern teaching focuses more on developing unique patterns of learning.

The process or the most efficient methods of learning differs a lot between different individuals, and most importantly, this is where the methods of modern teaching apply to its full potential. By developing unique and tailor-made patterns of learning, the techniques of modern teaching make sure that the individual minds are adequately catered with the right way and methods of knowledge which will eventually make their learning process productive to its core.

Application-based Skills

The application refers to the practicability of the skills, and these are directly based on the actual practice of the skills learned and acquired from the teaching process. The modern teaching methods employ a completely different approach, a variant one from the old school theoretical practises. These mostly focus on the applicability of the skills and the individuals learning and acquiring practical experience of the same.

Application-based education is one of the most influential and productive types of education systems compared to theoretical studies. Since the old teaching methods had limitations with practical knowledge, they relied mostly on the theoretical part. The implementation of the modern teaching techniques automatically drives out the unnecessary need for the theoretical part, substituting it with the application based skills.

Learning Relevantly to the Increasing needs

One of the significant purposes of education is to make the individuals competent enough to face the changing environment, and for that, they need to be efficient enough. The modern education system highly focuses on this and makes them efficient enough to tackle the adversities of the increasing needs which are relevant to the environment.

Difference between Traditional and Modern Teaching Methods

For centuries, there had only been one method of teaching in practice as a teacher explains a lesson and students memorize and recite it as their learning. This is called the traditional way of teaching, which was an obstacle between students and their innovative thinking. Then they continue lacking in decision making and problem-solving skills. On the other hand, modern methods of teaching are student-based and dedicated to more practical approaches.

Society is divided into three groups based on teaching methods. One who still is in support of traditional methods of teaching. The second group is in favour of modern teaching methods. At the same time, the third one favours both conventional and modern teaching methods. The third group believes in the combination of both the methods of teaching.

A nation’s growth is dependent on sound education and strengthened systems. Even in modern times, when there are many means available to provide education, we are still in a phase when we give more weightage to the traditional method of teaching. But for the best outcome, there is a need for a combination of both conventional methods of teaching and modern teaching methods.

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People who believe that modern teaching methods are better to face criticism of people who support traditional methods of teaching. However, there must be a proper balance between the use of traditional and modern teaching methods. Both ways should be imparted into education.

Outlined below the advantages and disadvantages of traditional and modern methods of teaching, which help to understand the difference between modern teaching methods and traditional teaching methods:

Traditional Teaching methods

The traditional methods of teaching are still prevalent in most parts of our nation. In educational institutions, teachers are the only source to gain information. Teachers explain the concept to the learners with the use of blackboard and chalk. They write all the content on the blackboard and ask the students to note down in their notebooks and memorize and recite the notes. All the focus of education in these institutions is to pass the semester.

Advantages of Traditional Teaching Methods

Traditional teaching methods have many advantages. However, these advantages are the disadvantages of modern teaching methods.

  • Traditional teaching methods, i.e., classroom-based teaching, is not as expensive as modern teaching methods. So, the rural areas can practice it with no stress of finance.
  • In traditional methods of teaching, students and teachers form strong bonds, and they interact more than modern teaching methods.
  • Discipline can be maintained better in traditional teaching settings than in modern ways of teaching.
  • There are some subjects such as physics, chemistry, and mathematics that need a blackboard explanation and can be understood well when explainingona blackboard.
  • Technical knowledge is not needed in traditional teaching methods like modern teaching methods require a more specialized approach.
  • Unlike modern teaching techniques, traditional teaching techniques do not harm the eyes of students.

Traditional Methods of Teaching that are Still Followed in Most Schools:

  • Classrooms are teacher-centric.
  • The chalk-talk method is prevalent.
  • Teachers are only knowledge dispensers, still not facilitators.
  • Strictly organized and controlled Classroom.
  • No group learnings and problem-solving sessions.
  • Clearing examinations are more important than grasping knowledge.
  • Homework based education.
  • Absence of activity to sharpen the minds of students.

In traditional teachings, teachers are all responsible for learning and teaching environments. They play sole roles in making decisions and instructing students. For them, the knowledge void of students has to be fulfilled with content which can be provided only by them. Also, students are not able to interact with more students in their class as row sitting arrangements are still in use.

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Traditional vs Modern Teaching Methods

Modern Teaching Methods

Over the period, the importance of modern teaching methods and education equipped with high technology is felt and hence started incorporating the new techniques into education. New methods and new technology-based gadgets have been introduced in classrooms.

New gadgets such as:

Computers or Laptops with Wi-Fi Connection

LCD Projector

Interactive Whiteboards

Computers or Laptops with Wi-Fi Connection

Computers with the internet is a revolution in the education system. Higher educational institutions use computers as the medium to explain the content to the students whose computers are connected with teachers’ computers.

LCD Projector

Arranging LCD screens in the classrooms is very common nowadays. With the help of LCD screens, teachers display the PowerPoint slides prepared on a particular topic.

Interactive Whiteboards

Whiteboards allow both teachers and students to write or draw on it by providing touch control of the computer. It is an interactive and exciting medium to use. Not only teachers but also students can explain anything on whiteboards.

Advantages of Modern Teaching Methods

Modern teaching methods have many advantages. However, these advantages are the disadvantages of traditional teaching methods.

  • Unlike traditional teaching methods, modern teaching methods are more interactive and keep students intact. It maintains the interest of students by animations and videos.
  • The visual medium is way better than any other medium to give instructions. It helps to memorize the concept fast and for a more extended period than reading.
  • Modern teaching methods are less time-consuming. Teachers take less time to cover the syllabus. Writing on the blackboard is not required.
  • Blackboard explanation of content is less explanatory than a representation of videos and animations used in the modern teaching techniques.

Modern teaching methods that are being Adopted in Schools:

  • Classrooms are being equipped with technology.
  • Evaluations are being done at all stages.
  • Crossover learning.
  • Focus more on an understanding of concepts.
  • Skill development and values development are put in the most crucial place.
  • Interactive whiteboards.
  • Collaborative learning
  • Emphasis on practical knowledge more.
  • Activity-based and gaming based learning.
  • Integrative and research-based learnings.
  • Use of the internet and web.
  • Collaborative learning
  • Flipped Classroom
  • Problem-based learning
  • Learner-centered.
  • VAK learning.

Being in the 21st century, there is an urgent need to introduce technological, economic, and cultural force in the education system at all levels which alter the core of the traditional educational system. Educators must figure out the ways best for learners.

However, both traditional teaching methods and modern teaching methods have their own importance. Both are good at their period. So, declaring any way best is not possible. It actually depends on the learner and their interests. Traditional teaching methods are better for learners who want to learn basics, religions, and customs. At the same time, modern education is for learners who have an interest in science or mathematics. Although seeing the contemporary scenario, modern teaching methods are best suited. It keeps in touch with the whole world and takes the students at the levels where everyone is equal.

Integration of Modern and Traditional Teaching Methods

In the above section, we discussed the pros and cons of both modern teaching techniques and conventional teaching methods. After studying, it is quite clear that the amalgamation of both forms of teaching will be beneficial for our education system. With the suggestion of combining both pedagogical techniques, the main question arises?

So, below we are suggesting the measures to combine the methods.

To explain complicated mathematical sums and solve chemistry problems, there must be a blackboard in the Classroom. And, to instruct a theoretical topic, teachers should use an LCD projector. So, use both Blackboard and LCD projectors.

By using both traditional and modern teaching methods, science and engineering like subjects can be explained very well in the Classroom. Teachers can take the helpofblackboards to explain the theory. At the same time, they can use videos or PowerPoint presentations to describe the procedure.

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First, teachers should give lectures on a topic under traditional methods of teaching and then incorporate modern teaching methods to revise the subject, discuss it, problem-solving sessions etc. The approach of combining both forms will be proved helpful if applied ina proper way.

Methodologies That Every 21st-Century Teacher Should Know

The modern education system prevailing in this 21st century requires advanced methodologies that’d create a unique and progressive space for them compared to the older educational methods. The 21st-century teaching methodologies have developed new horizons of learning which the participants should explore.

As a participant of the same advanced education system, the teachers should also take the practical methodologies and the perks of the same into consideration. For that, they need to know and clear about specific methods.

Flipped Classroom

One of the Gen-Z methods widely used in the coming age education system is the idea of Flipped Classrooms. This is a popularly accepted method which has also proven to be productive and incredibly efficient for the development of the students. Even this method is regarded as one of the leading techniques which the teachers, implementing modern teaching methods should consider.

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According to the idea of the flipped classroom technique, the teachings methods are reversed as the word suggests. The students are asked to study from their home itself with necessary instructions given, and the Classroom is converted into a centre of practical education and that only. Therefore, the entire education method is reversed to make it more fruitful and productive.

Project-Based Learning

In the older methods of the education system, the projects were merely a part of the curriculum which appeared for namesake. The plans were thoroughly focused on theoretical and fundamental education. But the idea of project-based learning makes more sense in the 21st century Education system. Also, this is something which the teachers should consider as a part of the modern education system.

The projects refer to the tasks given to the students entirely associated with the field they are pursuing. They are provided with practical case studies which require the application of their skill set and knowledge to provide an optimum solution to the problem. These are challenged through the types of projects included in the project-based learning system.

Cooperative Learning

The idea of cooperative learning or collaborative learning, just as its name suggests, is based on the concept of teamwork and collective efforts. It brings in the importance of being a part of the team and how the individual actions are adequately guided towards the achievement of the organizational goals.

It is more of a value-based approach where the students understand the role played by each of their team members in completion of the task. Each member of the team is assigned with a particular set of activities which they need to accomplish before the deadline. They all work towards a common organizational goal which needs all their efforts for achieving the same with perfection.


The video games have always been an element of attraction among the students, and the past has proven that the education sector can make efficient use of these video games to ensure an excellent educational platform for the students. Such games based on education are popular among the students, which helps in teaching them about different stuff.

The teachers can make use of such interactive educational games for making the students develop their interest in studies. There are a variety of platforms available for them which arouses their interests in particular fields. Careful and appropriate use of the games on education will create a tremendous amount of interest and enthusiasm among the students to learn about the content and apply them in the virtual platforms as a practical activity.

Problem-Based Learning

The next comes in the problem-based learning, which comprises a whole set of activities under the tag of problems and providing solutions which will enhance the skills and knowledge of the students to a greater extent. This will also provoke their enthusiasm level and initiates the problem-solving aspect of the thinking in their minds.

According to the problem-based learning system, the teachers allow the students with a particular set of problems that will challenge their learnings and the acquired skills so far. The students need to solve the problem using their intelligence, and this also serves as an efficient technique which the Gen-Z teachers need to follow.

Design Thinking

Education provides all the powerful platforms that promote Innovation and creativity inside the students. Therefore design thinking and its purpose is nothing else than the promotion of innovative ideas and creative activities in the minds of the students. This will give them a newfound enthusiasm to enter into the curriculum and bring up their best.

The teachers who are about to apply the modem teaching methods can make use of the design thinking approach in order to promote innovative ideas among the students. They can be offered with a particular set of questions or problems that triggers their creative mindset and forces them to pull out some successful innovative solutions to the issue.

Thinking Based Learning

Undoubtedly the older educational system made use of the methods which froze the need for practical thinking and focused more on the theoretical and by hearting approach towards the learning. The idea of thinking based learning has proven to be far more efficient and flexible than the former and a successful one in a variety of aspects.

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Under the thinking-based learning approach, the students are offered with a set of questions which will challenge their memory level or similar to the design thinking method, making them focus more on the analytical and logical approach to face the problem. The solutions will be practical, unique, customized to the conditions and something which is totally not related to the textbook solutions.

Competency-Based Learning

The competencies refer to the tactical skills of the students which they want to learn and acquire, are in the process of learning and developing or the ones which they have already accomplished.This type of learning focuses on the benefits provided by the acquirements of core competencies or the skills they prefer to learn and how it is delivered to the students.


After a detailed study of different teaching methods, we can’t say which pedagogical way of teaching is better! Both traditional teaching methods and modern teaching techniques have their pros and cons. They are similar but alsodifferent from each other. Modern teaching methods should consider conventional methods of teaching as its base and learners should not neglect it completely while incorporating the new ones. However, modern teaching methods are suitable for the current century to cope up with surroundings and environments.

Teachers are introducing different innovative ideas to explain the content to learners. Also, it is the responsibility of teachers to teach students with suitable and modern methods. It is a teacher who plays a vital part in students’ success. So, it becomes the duty of a teacher to take a step towards accepting modern methods of teaching. To provide a sound education, there should be an amalgamation of a skilled teacher and innovative ways of teaching. So that students will be ready with not only theoretical knowledge but also with practical experience of subjects to face the world and compete against their competitors.

In short, the inclusion of modern teaching methods in this time is necessary as it opposes the idea of traditional forms of repetition and memorization of the syllabus to educate students. To develop decision-making skills, problem-solving skills, and critical thinking ability, modern teaching techniques are best suited. The new ways of teaching make students more productive and encourage them to collaborate. Both methods are effective but which will be done during this time is the question, and clearly, the importance of modern teaching techniques can be felt clearly.


1. What are types of Modern Teaching Method?

Collaborative Learning, Spaced Learning, Flipped Classroom, Self Learning, Gamification, VAK teaching, and Crossover Learning are various types of Modern Teaching Method.

2. What is gamification?

Learning through video games or playing games based on education is one of the modern teaching techniques called gamification.

3. What is the limitation of traditional teaching techniques?

In traditional teaching techniques, teachers are the only source to provide knowledge.

4. What is flipped classroom modern teaching techniques?

In the flipped classroom modern teaching techniques, students study new material or content at home by themselves and practice the same at school, unlike the traditional teaching techniques.

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Out of these, collaborative learning, flipped classroom, self-learning and crossover learning are the four modern teaching methods that are widely used in higher education.

What are the three 3 modern methods of teaching? ›

Collaborative Learning, Spaced Learning, Flipped Classroom, Self Learning, Gamification, VAK teaching, and Crossover Learning are various types of Modern Teaching Method.

What is modern education style? ›

Modern education teaches about the skills required today that is the skills of science and technology, science of medical science etc. In addition to listening, the modern education includes writing, visualizing, imagining, and thinking skills.

What is the difference between old and new teaching methods? ›

Traditional education is the study of culture, traditions, and customs, while modern education teaches students to improve their skills. In traditional teaching methods, students learn through memorization skills, while in modern education systems, students learn through human-environment interaction.

Which of the following is the most modern teaching methods? ›

The project method of teaching is one of the modern methods of teaching in which the curriculum content is considered from the child's point of view and is related to his needs and interest in the context of real-life situations.

What is the most effective teaching method? ›

Experiential learning is a great teaching method because it encourages creativity, helps students learn from mistakes, fosters reflective thinking, and prepares students for future experiences. It can be effective for several subjects, especially during science experiments, sports coaching, and group projects.

What are the 5 common teaching styles? ›

5 different teaching styles to use today
  • Lecturer.
  • Demonstrator.
  • Hybrid.
  • Facilitator.
  • Delegator.
Jun 29, 2022

What are the 4 C's of 21st century learning? ›

The 4 C's to 21st century skills are just what the title indicates. Students need these specific skills to fully participate in today's global community: Communication, Collaboration, Critical Thinking and Creativity. Students need to be able to share their thoughts, questions, ideas and solutions.

What are the 7 teaching styles? ›

The 7 styles of the theory are:
  • visual.
  • kinaesthetic.
  • aural.
  • social.
  • solitary.
  • verbal.
  • logical.
Jul 1, 2021

What makes teaching in the 21st century challenging? ›

The challenges facing teachers in developing their skills is compounded by a difficult external environment. The education sector is facing a number of immediate issues such as retention, availability of permanent jobs, quality and keeping teachers' skills current.

What are the two main method of teaching? ›

The two main types of teaching methods & strategies are teacher-centered instruction and student-centered instruction. In teacher-centered instruction, the teacher plays an active role while the student plays a more passive role.

What are the disadvantages of modern teaching methods? ›

Disadvantages of the modern education system

Lack of social interaction: Online learning courses are self-paced courses. It makes the learners difficult to develop a relationship with their peers. Limited social interaction and no face to face interaction.

What is the 4 step teaching method? ›

Peyton's teaching approach is a stepwise teaching approach and consists of the following four steps: demonstration, deconstruction, comprehension and performance.

What are major characteristics of modern method of teaching? ›

Let's discuss this below.
  • Learner-centered. One of the essential things in modern teaching methods is that it is learner-centered. ...
  • Task-Based or Activity-based. ...
  • Resource-Based. ...
  • Best Interactive in Nature. ...
  • Integrative in Nature. ...
  • Peer Collaboration.

What is the advantage of modern teaching? ›

Advantages of Modern Teaching

The technological revolution helps teaching become innovative and, more than this, get to more students than before. Offering innovative teaching styles helps students stay connected and improve their technical knowledge from the beginning.

Why modern education is better? ›

Benefits of Modern Education

Modern education is a dynamic way of learning enabling students to learn a lot faster. The interaction between students and teachers helps students understand better. Enabling students to participate in physical activities to improve their efficiency is another advantage.

Are traditional teaching methods still effective? ›

The traditional style ensures the attention of the classroom is solely on the teacher therefore making it easier to manage concentration levels. Moreover, students are rewarded for their efforts. Even so, both traditional and modern teaching methods are productive and useful in today's education.

What is difference between traditional and modern teachers? ›

Traditional Teacher speaks with authority and imposes rules to be followed, Modern Teacher speaks with compassion and allows students to be proactive in decision making. Traditional Teacher is strict and by the book approach, Modern Teacher is considerate BUT makes the student realize the pros and cons of every action.

How technology has replaced traditional teaching methods? ›

Technology introduces a plethora of tools to help stimulate real-time teacher interaction with students. For example, while teachers used to put paper over a question on an overhead projector and remove to reveal the answer, today's educational software has taken these old methods and modernised them.

What are the 4 C's of teachers? ›

Long heralded as key competencies for 21st-century learners, the ”Four Cs” (Creativity, Critical Thinking, Communication, and Collaboration) are often embraced in theory yet stump educators in practice.

What are the 5 C's for teachers? ›

The essential components of an excellent education today embody much more than the traditional three R's. Past President of NAIS, Pat Bassett, identifies Five C's – critical thinking, creativity, communication, collaboration and character, as the skills that will be in demand and will be rewarded in this century.

What are the learning styles found in a modern classroom? ›

What are the four learning styles? The four core learning styles in the VARK model include visual, auditory, reading and writing, and kinesthetic.

What are the modern methods? ›

Modern methods of construction is a process which focuses on off-site construction techniques, such as mass production and factory assembly, as alternatives to traditional building. The process has been described as a way ' produce more, better quality homes in less time.

What are the new ways of learning? ›

Online teaching and learning are delivered on virtual platforms and can range from engaging in live classes, such as lectures and seminars – typically named webinars (synchronous) – to engaging with previously created learning resources (asynchronous).

What is recent teaching technology? ›

The augmented and virtual reality trends in education technology are making learning a compelling experience. While augmented reality provides an enhanced view of a real image, virtual reality gives a false perception of reality around them. Both these techniques have taken digital learning to new dimensions.

What is the most modern method? ›

The most modern method are
  • Creating paneled units in factories, which can be quickly assembled onsite to create 3D structures.
  • Volumetric construction, which sees 3D, or pre-fabricated, units created under factory conditions.
  • Pre-cast concrete foundations and pre-formed wiring looms.
Oct 18, 2020

What are the advantages of modern methods? ›

Benefits of Modern Methods of Construction
  • Speed. ...
  • Safety. ...
  • Sustainability. ...
  • Quality. ...
  • Reduced Disruption. ...
  • Predictability. ...
  • Better building performance and lower defects. ...
  • Improved Social Value.
Feb 15, 2021

What is moat pulley system? ›

Moat or pulley-system: It is a manual irrigation method. By this method, water is directly taken out of wells with the help of a pulley and is used to irrigate fields. Rahat: In this method, water is drawn out of wells by animals. Animals like cow, buffalo, oxen etc. are connected to a wheel.

What is the most popular teaching method? ›

1. Teacher-Centered Instruction. Recognized as the most conventional approach, the teacher-centered methodology is based on the idea that the teacher has the main responsibility in the learning environment. Teachers are in charge of the classroom and direct all activities.

What is the most effective teaching style? ›

Experiential learning is a great teaching method because it encourages creativity, helps students learn from mistakes, fosters reflective thinking, and prepares students for future experiences. It can be effective for several subjects, especially during science experiments, sports coaching, and group projects.


1. Teaching Methods for Inspiring the Students of the Future | Joe Ruhl | TEDxLafayette
(TEDx Talks)
2. Top 5 Trending Techniques in Teaching
(Yearn 2 Learn Y2L)
3. The Science of Teaching, Effective Education, and Great Schools
4. The CDC's changing vaccine story (Vinay Prasad analyzes Walensky statements)
5. Teaching science: we're doing it wrong | Danny Doucette | TEDxRiga
(TEDx Talks)
6. Episode 9 ~ Modern Teaching Methods
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